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Wunderland growshop/ hanfshop/ hanfpflanzen/ hanfstecklinge graz Die Adresse in Graz/Österreich für Hanfstecklinge und Hanfpflanzen in bester Qualität. Onlineversand mit 24h Lieferung. Die Adresse in Graz wenn es um Hanfpflanzen/Hanfstecklinge geht.

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cannabis erfolgreich in der Corona Therapie eingesetzt... - Mutter Natur hat‘s eben drauf👍#cannabis #cbd #cannabisgegenc...
02/02/2021
Cannabis erfolgreich in der Corona-Therapie angewandt

cannabis erfolgreich in der Corona Therapie eingesetzt... - Mutter Natur hat‘s eben drauf👍

#cannabis #cbd #cannabisgegencorona

www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

Klagenfurt - Bis heute gibt es kein vollständig wirksames Medikament gegen Corona, Ärzte müssen sich mit anderen Wirkstoffen behelfen. Am Klinikum Klagenfurt hat man bei manchen Patienten Cannabis angewandt - mit Erfolg.

Endlich ist es soweit... mehr als 30 neue  top Cannabis Strains als Stecklinge im Programm !!!Wir haben über die letzten...
27/12/2020

Endlich ist es soweit... mehr als 30 neue top Cannabis Strains als Stecklinge im Programm !!!

Wir haben über die letzten Monate ein Handverlesenes Portfolio von mehr als 30 top cannabis Sorten aus aller Welt zusammengestellt. Diese kannst du ab sofort als Hanfstecklinge / cannabis klone bzw Hanfpflanzen im Topf online bestellen oder direkt in unserer Filiale in Graz/ Österreich kaufen - natürlich in gewohnt hoher Qualität und drei verschiedenen Größen!
www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

#cannabisklone #growshop #cannabisStrain #hanfstecklinge #hanfpflanzen #Wunderland #konoplja #konopljaklone #cannabisösterreich #topcannabis #cannabisclones

„Pflanzen gemütlich nach hause bestellen“Wir bieten ab sofort auch den online Versand von Hanfstecklingen und Hanfpflanz...
27/03/2020

„Pflanzen gemütlich nach hause bestellen“

Wir bieten ab sofort auch den online Versand von Hanfstecklingen und Hanfpflanzen mit 24h Lieferung an.
Nähere Informationen und die aktuelle Sortenliste findet ihr auf unserer Homepage :

www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

#cannabis #hanfstecklinge #stecklinge #Hanf
#hanfpflanzen #cannabisonlinehandel #konoplja
#indoor #cannabisoutdoor

#Cannabis unterstützt und fördert die Bildung neuer Gehirnzellen...#hanf #cannabisindermedizin #cbd www.hanfshop-wunderl...
06/09/2018
Cannabis Information & Education

#Cannabis unterstützt und fördert die Bildung neuer Gehirnzellen...

#hanf #cannabisindermedizin #cbd

www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

Cannabis can play a role in repairing the brain after injury as well as delaying the onset of neurodegenerative conditions.

#cannabis könnte laut neuen Studien die Bildung von #Metastasen verhindern. #cannabismedizin #cbd #hanf #wunderland #gra...
23/07/2018
Cannabis Information & Education

#cannabis könnte laut neuen Studien die Bildung von #Metastasen verhindern.

#cannabismedizin #cbd #hanf #wunderland #graz #Österreich

www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

Tumor metastasis is the final, fatal stage of cancer, but studies show THC and CBD can shut this down.
Metastasis is the process by which cancer cells escape the main part of the tumor and invade neighboring tissues and organs and/or travel to other parts of the body. Certain types of cancers are more aggressive than others, and are therefore more likely to metastasize. These cancers are very difficult to treat and are fatal to patients. In order for cancer cells to migrate and invade other tissues, they must first escape the main tumor and move into the extracellular matrix (ECM) surrounding the tumor. They can then continue to grow into neighboring tissues, or they can enter the blood stream or the lymphatic system to spread to other parts of the body.

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MRI image showing soft tissue malignant tumor in the shoulder
Soft tissue malignant tumor. Image Credit: Semnic

Cell to cell adhesion, ECM degradation, and chemotaxis (or other types of cell movement) are all essential processes for cancer cells to successfully metastasize. Angiogenesis is another important process for sustaining the growth of a new or existing tumor. Studies have found that these metastatic processes can be inhibited by phytocannabinoids isolated from the cannabis plant (THC and CBD) as well as endocannabinoids produced by our bodies and synthetic cannabinoids.

Hodgkin tumor on neck
Image Credit: Gabor Kenyeres

In multiple studies, cannabinoids were found to block angiogenesis by reducing expression of the ligand and its associated receptors in the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. With the VEGF system down, tumors will be unable to grow new blood vessels to help feed its out-of-control growth. New tumors resulting from metastasis to peripheral tissues, like the lungs, also require angiogenesis to sustain their development and growth.

Dividing cancer cells
Image Credit: Lightspring

CBD has been found to inhibit the production of metalloproteinases (MMPs). These proteins play a role in angiogenesis by breaking down components of the ECM to allow new blood vessels to form. They also aid in the migration of cancer cells away from the main tumor. In order for a cancer cell to escape the tumor, it must use MMPs to break down the ECM that surrounds the tumor. This has been shown to be particularly critical for treating glioma tumors, which grow and spread so quickly that they are nearly impossible to remove surgically. CBD was able to reduce the aggressiveness of gliomas by inhibiting their invasion capability in part by inhibiting MMPs.

MRI scan showing brain tumor
Image Credit: Triff

In addition to MMPs, cell invasiveness is also governed by cell-cell adhesion. Certain kinds of adhesive proteins, like focal adhesion kinases (FAKs), promote metastasis when they are increased in number. These proteins allow the cell to migrate away from the tumor more easily. Cannabinoids have been found to inhibit FAKs in cancer cells, reducing their ability to migrate.

In breast cancer, CBD turned off the Id-1 gene, a pro-metastatic gene that is an aggressiveness marker in breast cancer. As a result, breast cancer cells treated with CBD were less invasive. Inhibiting Id-1 has a chain-reaction effect, in which other genes that promote metastasis are also down-regulated, resulting in an overall reduction in cancer aggressiveness.

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Breast Examination
Image Credit: Tyler Olson

Tumor metastasis is the final stage of cancer advancement, and the one that is most often fatal to cancer patients. Laboratory studies have found that cannabinoids like THC and CBD are effective at shutting down the essential processes that allow cancer cells to metastasize. On their own, or in concert with traditional cancer therapies, cannabinoids could be a new frontier in cancer treatment.

https://www.rxleaf.com/post/2772/yes-cannabis-does-fight-cancer

#Lesenswert ! Neuer Stand der Studien über CBD#cbdöl #cannabis #Österreich #Graz www.hanfshop-wunderland.com
17/07/2018
Medihemp

#Lesenswert ! Neuer Stand der Studien über CBD

#cbdöl #cannabis #Österreich #Graz

www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

Die Leafly Redaktion hat neue Studienergebnisse über die Wirkung von CBD in diesem äußerst interessanten Beitrag zusammengefasst.

Ein Defizit im #Endocannabinoid system steht laut neuen Studien offensichtlich in Verbindung mit #Fibromyalgie#cannabis ...
28/06/2018
Endocannabinoid Deficiency Suspected As Cause For Fibromyalgia

Ein Defizit im #Endocannabinoid system steht laut neuen Studien offensichtlich in Verbindung mit #Fibromyalgie

#cannabis #medizin #cbd #cannabinoide #hanfhilft #hanftropfen #wunderlandgroshop #growshopgraz
https://www.hanfshop-wunderland.com

Author: Leslie Kahn For decades, since fibromyalgia disproportionately affected women, those who suffered with its often debilitating effects were often labeled as “hysterical women.” Many doctors …

Nicht Psychoaktive #Cannabinoide könnten #hilfe bei #Brustkrebs sein...#cannabis #cbdöl #cannabidiol #cannabisgegenkrebs...
25/06/2018
Cannabis Information & Education

Nicht Psychoaktive #Cannabinoide könnten #hilfe bei #Brustkrebs sein...

#cannabis #cbdöl #cannabidiol #cannabisgegenkrebs #growpshopwunderland
#growshop #graz #österreich

The use of medical ma*****na continues to be an emotionally and politically charged issue. Although cannabis oil preparations have been used in medicine for millennia, the concern over the dangers of abuse led to the banning of the medicinal use of ma*****na in the 1930s.

Only recently, ma*****na and chemically related compounds have come back to being considered of therapeutic value. A prominent compound found in ma*****na or cannabis, CBD, or cannabidiol, has shown to treat numerous diseases. Researchers believe that in view of the very low toxicity and the generally benign side effects of CBD, neglecting or denying CBD benefits and its clinical potential is simply unacceptable.

What Is CBD?

CBD is one of over 60 compounds found in cannabis that belong to a class of ingredients called cannabinoids. Until recently, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) was getting most of the attention because it’s the ingredient in cannabis that produces mind-altering effects in users, but CBD is also present in high concentrations — and the medical world is realizing that its list of medical benefits continues to grow.

Download my guide on the health benefits of CBD.

CBD is the major nonpsychoactive component of Cannabis sativa. According to a 2013 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, CBD benefits including acting in some experimental models as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is therefore a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia. (1)

Research is beginning to show that CBD is different than other well-studied cannabinoids. All cannabinoids act as ligands, meaning they dock onto the binding site of a protein and have the ability to modulate a receptor’s behavior. CB1 receptors are widely distributed, but are particularly abundant in areas of the brain, including those concerned with movement, coordination, pain and sensory perception, emotion, memory, cognition, autonomic and endocrine functions. (2)

CB2 receptors are found mostly in the immune system, and they seem to reduce inflammation and certain kinds of pain. Although cannabinoids all have similar structures, they display a wide array of actions at each of the different receptors.

However, scientists are finding out that CBD has very little effect on CB1 and CB2 receptors, which probably explains why it doesn’t have mind-altering effects, unlike THC, which positively regulates the CB1 receptor. That’s why most ma*****na grown for recreational purposes are typically very low in CBD and high in THC. (3)

8 Proven Benefits of CBD

1. Relieves Pain and Inflammation

Among common CBD benefits, natural pain relief tops the list for many. Evidence suggests that cannabinoids may prove useful in pain modulation by inhibiting neuronal transmission in pain pathways. A 2012 study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine found that CBD significantly suppressed chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rodents without causing analgesic tolerance. Researchers suggest that CBD and other nonpsychoactive components of ma*****na may represent a novel class of therapeutic agents for the treatment of chronic pain. (4)

According to a 2007 meta-analysis conducted in Canada, the combination of CBD and THC buccal spray was found to be effective in treating neuropathic pain in multiple sclerosis, which can be debilitating for 50 to 70 percent of MS patients. (5)

2. Has Antipsychotic Effects

Research shows that CBD benefits include producing antipsychotic effects. It appears to have a pharmacological profile similar to that of atypical antipsychotic drugs as seen using behavioral and neurochemical techniques in animal studies. Additionally, studies show that CBD prevents human experimental psychosis and is effective in open case reports and clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia, with a remarkable safety profile. (6)

3. Reduces Anxiety

Studies using animal models of anxiety and involving healthy volunteers clearly suggest an anxiolytic-like effect of CBD. Cannabidiol has shown to reduce anxiety in patients with social anxiety disorder and researchers suggest that it may also be effective for panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. (7)

A 2011 study aimed to compare the effects of a simulation public speaking test on healthy control patients and treatment-native patients with social anxiety disorder. A total of 24 never-treated patients with social anxiety disorder were given either CBD or placebo 1.5 hours before the test. Researchers found that pretreatment with CBD significantly reduced anxiety, cognitive impairment and discomfort in their speech performance, and significantly decreased alertness in anticipation of their speech. The placebo group presented higher anxiety, cognitive impairment and discomfort. (8)

4. Helps to Fight Cancer

Several scientific reports demonstrate that CBD benefits include possessing antiproliferative, pro-apoptotic effects that inhibit cancer cell migration, adhesion and invasion. (9) A 2006 study published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics found for the first time that CBD potently and selectively inhibited the growth of different breast tumor cell lines and exhibited significantly less potency in non-cancer cells. (10)

In 2011, researchers added light on the cellular mechanism through which CBD induces cell death in breast cancer cells. They showed that CBD induced a concentration-dependent cell death of both oestrogen receptor-positive and oestrogen receptor-negative breast cancer cells. They also found that the effective concentrations of CBD in tumor cells have little effect on non-tumorigenic, mammary cells. (11)

CBD behaves as a non-toxic compound and studies show that doses of 700 milligrams per day for 6 weeks did not show any overt toxicity in humans, suggesting that it can be used for prolonged treatment. Not only does the research show that CBD benefits including being effective in fighting breast cancer cells, data also suggests that it can be used to inhibit the invasion of lung and colon cancer, plus it possesses anti-tumor properties in gliomas and has been used to treat leukemia. (12)





5. Relieves Nausea

Cannabis has been used for centuries for the suppression of nausea and vomiting. Research has revealed that among more than 80 cannabinoid compounds found in ma*****na, both the intoxicant THC and the non-intoxicant CBD helps to get rid of nausea and vomiting in animal studies. A 2012 study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology found that CBD benefits including possessing anti-nausea and antiemetic effects when it was administered to rats. (13) Researchers found that CBD acts in a diphasic manner, meaning that in low doses it suppresses toxin-induced vomiting, but in high doses it increases nausea or has no effect.

6. May Treat Seizures and Other Neurological Disorders

A 2014 survey conducted by researchers at Stanford University was presented to parents belonging to a Facebook group dedicated to sharing information about the use of cannabidiol-enriched cannabis to treat their child’s seizures. Nineteen responses met the inclusion criteria for the study: a diagnosis of epilepsy and current use of CBD-enriched cannabis. The average number of anti-epileptic drugs tried before using CBD cannabis was 12. Sixteen (84 percent) of the 19 parents reported a reduction in their child’s seizure frequency while taking CBD cannabis. Of these, two (11 percent) reported complete seizure freedom, eight (42 percent) reported a greater than 80 percent reduction in seizure frequency, and six (32 percent) reported a 25–60 percent seizure reduction. Other beneficial effects included increased alertness, better mood and improved sleep; while side effects included drowsiness and fatigue. (14)

Later in 2014, researchers reported on preliminary results of a study involving children with treatment-resistant epilepsies in an expanded access “compassionate use program.” Patients received a purified 98 percent oil-based CBD extract called Epidiolex, which is made by GW Pharmaceuticals. After 3 months of treatment, 39 percent of the 23 patients had more than a 50 percent reduction in seizures, with a 32 percent median reduction. These preliminary results support the animal studies and survey reports that CBD may be a promising treatment for treatment-resistant epilepsy and it is generally well-tolerated in doses up to 25 milligrams per kilogram of body weight. (15)

7. Lowers Incidence of Diabetes

A 2006 study found that CBD treatment significantly reduced the incidence of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice from an incidence of 86 percent in non-treated mice to an incidence of 30 percent in CBD-treated mice. CBD benefits also showed a significant reduction of plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A histological examination of the pancreatic islets of the CBD-treated mice revealed significantly reduced insulitis. (16)

In 2013, the American Journal of Medicine published a study that highlighted the impact of ma*****na use on glucose, insulin and insulin resistance among U.S. adults. The study included 4,657 adult men and women from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey from 2005 to 2010. Of the participants, 579 were current ma*****na users and 1,975 were past users. The researchers found that current ma*****na use was associated with 16 percent lower fasting insulin levels. They also found significant associations between ma*****na use and smaller waist circumferences, a factor connected to the onset of diabetes symptoms. (17)

8. Promotes Cardiovascular Health

A 2013 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology reports that CBD protects against the vascular damage caused by a high glucose environment, inflammation or the induction of type 2 diabetes in animal models; plus, CBD proved to reduce the vascular hyperpermeability (which causes leaky gut) associated with such environments. (18)

CBD vs. THC

CBD and THC are the two main compounds in the ma*****na plant and they are the only two cannabinoids that have been well characterized to date. Many strains of ma*****na are known for having abundant levels of THC and high-CBD strains are less common; however, with the medical community paying more attention to the therapeutic effects of CBD, that is beginning to change.

Both compounds have important health benefits: THC has antispasmodic, analgesic, anti-tremor, anti-inflammatory, appetite stimulating and anti-emetic properties, and CBD has anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antipsychotic, antioxidant, neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.

The clinical use of THC is often limited by its unwanted psychoactive side effects, and for this reason interest in non-psychoactive phytocannabinoids, such as CBD, has substantially increased in recent years. In fact, CBD is being used to reduce the intoxicating effects of THC, such as paranoia and memory impairment. (19)

CBD also appears to counteract the sleep-inducing effects of THC. This is what makes CBD so appealing to the medical community, as the cause of psychoactive side effects has been a major barrier in the acceptance of medical ma*****na. (20) While THC is known to cause anxiety and paranoia in some people, CBD works to counteract those side effects. For this reason, CBD benefits extend to being used in clinical trials on young children with epilepsy.

Another major difference between THC and CBD is that ma*****na with high levels of THC is commonly used for its sleep-inducing effects, while CBD appears to promote wakefulness instead. (21)

How to Legally Acquire CBD

At the federal level, CBD is classified as a Schedule 1 drug in the United States because it is one of the many cannabinoids present in ma*****na. To be labeled a schedule 1 drug means that it has a high potential for abuse and the potential to create severe psychological or physical dependence; therefore these drugs are not allowed to be used for medical use.

Medical research can and is being done with schedule 1 substances, including CBD and other active ingredients in ma*****na, but there are strict regulations and administrative hurdles associated with this status. According to the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, the DEA is currently conducting a scientific review of CBD to elucidate its pharmacology and abuse liability and to identify gaps in the published literature. (22)

In 1996, California voters passed Proposition 215, allowing for the use of medical ma*****na. Since then, 27 more states, plus the District of Columbia, Guam and Puerto Rico have enacted similar laws that allow for comprehensive public medical ma*****na and cannabis programs.

More recently, 17 states have approved the use of low THC, high CBD products for medical reasons in limited situations. Each state has specific requirements and conditions that need to be followed in order to use CBD legally, such as patient registry requirements and definitions of products that are allowed. (23) The 17 states that allow limited access to ma*****na products low in THC and high in CBD include:

AlabamaFloridaGeorgiaIowaKentuckyLouisianaMississipiMissouriNorth CarolinaOklahomaSouth CarolinaTennesseeTexasUtahVirginiaWisconsinWyomingIdaho (vetoed by governor in 2015)Precautions

Although the research on the medicinal use of cannabis is strong, several studies indicate that the recreational use of cannabis can have persistent adverse effects on mental health. According to a 2013 report published in Frontiers in Psychiatry, depending on how often someone uses, the age of onset, the potency of the cannabis that is used and someone’s individual sensitivity, the recreational use of cannabis may cause permanent psychological disorders. Most recreational users will never be faced with such persistent mental illness, but in some individuals cannabis use leads to undesirable effects, including cognitive impairment, anxiety, paranoia and increased risks of developing chronic psychosis or drug addiction. (24)

Some studies show that CBD can counteract these adverse effects, but more research is needed, as most of this research is done on animals or is based on anecdotal reports. Little research has focused on the safety and side effects of CBD in humans; however, clinical trials indicate that only a few, generally mild side effects have been observed after CBD administration and tolerance for CBD does not seem to occur.

Final Thoughts

CBD is one of over 60 compounds found in cannabis that belong to a class of ingredients called cannabinoids; it is the major nonpsychoactive component of Cannabis sativa.

Research shows that CBD benefits include acting as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is therefore a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia.

Many strains of ma*****na are known for having abundant levels of THC and high-CBD strains are less common; however, with the medical community paying more attention to the therapeutic effects of CBD, that is beginning to change. CBD is being used to reduce the intoxicating effects of THC, such as paranoia and memory impairment.

17 states have approved the use of low THC, high CBD products for medical reasons in limited situations. Each state has specific requirements and conditions that need to be followed in order to use CBD legally, such as patient registry requirements and definitions of products that are allowed.

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